Skip to Main Content
1440_405-1116_628-768_432

The ABCs of Hepatitis


Posted in: Blogs , English

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Most often, viruses cause hepatitis. There are five main hepatitis viruses: A, B, C, D, and E. Though all cause acute hepatitis, they spread in different ways. Some can turn into chronic hepatitis and lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer, and liver failure.

What’s the Difference Between the Hepatitis Viruses?

Viruses A, B, and C are the most common.

Virus

Transmission
How it typically spreads

 Prevention

 Is there a vaccine?

Hepatitis A

Eating food or drinking water contaminated with feces of an infected person

 Yes

Hepatitis B

Through contact with bodily fluids of an infected person (e.g., blood, saliva, semen, and vaginal fluid)

 Yes

Hepatitis C

Blood-to-blood contact from sharing needles with an infected person (e.g., injection drug use, tattoos, or body piercings)

 No

Hepatitis D

Through contact with infected blood and only found in people who are already infected with the hepatitis B virus

 Yes, D can be prevented with the B vaccine

Hepatitis E

Eating raw shellfish from sewage-contaminated water or through eating food or drinking water contaminated with feces of an infected person

 Yes*

 

 

*The hepatitis E vaccine is not widely available. Schedule an appointment with Baylor St. Luke's Medical Group to receive it.

Should You Get Screened for Hepatitis?

Unfortunately, many people with hepatitis don’t have symptoms. According to the Hepatitis Foundation, an estimated 4.4 million Americans are living with hepatitis, and most don’t know they are infected or how they got infected.

With hepatitis C cases on the rise, the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends hepatitis C screening for high-risk people. Additionally, if you were born between 1945 and 1965, a one-time screening is recommended. Schedule your screenings and vaccinations with your Baylor St. Luke's Medical Group primary care physician.

 

Sources:

CDC | What is Viral Hepatitis

World Hepatitis Day | What is Hepatitis?

About Your Liver: What Is Hepatitis?

 

Recent Updates

Easy and healthy instant meals our physicians love

JAN 17, 2023

A Baylor St. Luke’s Medical Group physician provides tips and recipes to help you create simple meals with items you have in your pantry. Get cooking!

Read More Additional information about Easy and healthy instant meals our physicians love

Bundle up and head out: 6 tips for an injury-free workout

JAN 06, 2023

Exercising outside can be soothing. The fresh air and scenic routes make exercising more enjoyable than working out at home or in your local gym. But what do experts say about taking a nature walk or running in the cold, snow, or rain?

Read More Additional information about 6 tips for an injury-free workout | St. Luke's Health

Factors that can increase your risk of liver cancer

DEC 08, 2022

The liver is the second largest and hardest working organ. The liver is relentless. It works nonstop behind the scenes to keep us healthy. It removes waste and produces bile, which helps turn fat into energy.

Read More Additional information about Factors that can increase your risk of liver cancer | St. Luke's Health

Find a Doctor


Looking for a doctor? Perform a quick search by name or browse by specialty.