What To Do
If someone is experiencing the symptoms of heat stroke, follow these steps.
Step 1: Call 911.
Step 2: Get the person to a cool, shaded, or air conditioned area and lay him or her down with feet slightly elevated.
Step 3: Remove the person’s excess clothing, apply cool water to the skin, and fan the skin.
Step 4: Apply ice packs to the armpits and groin area and offer cool fluids to drink if the person is alert.
In order to prevent heat related illness, limit your time and activity outdoors on hot, humid days. Drink plenty of fluids, such as water and sports drinks, and avoid caffeine and alcohol. Dress in lightweight clothing and protect yourself from the sun with sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat. Take breaks often to rest and rehydrate, mist your skin with a spray bottle, and properly warm up and cool down if exercising. Try to plan activities during cooler times of the day. If you start having muscle cramps or begin to feel ill in any way, cool yourself and hydrate immediately.
Even if your condition has not yet progressed to heat stroke, you may need IV fluids to rehydrate so it doesn’t worsen. St. Luke’s Health emergency departments provide treatment for any serious heat-related illness.
Dehydration and Heat Stroke
Heat-Related Illnesses (Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, Heat Stroke)