Broken bones are common injuries, especially for children. There are different kinds of fractures and levels of severity. If your child falls or receives a blow, check for swelling, deformity, loss of function, bone protruding from skin, and pain that worsens with movement and pressure. If you think that the bone is broken, go to an emergency center.
Contusions and Abrasions
Contusions, or bruises, often happen when the body receives blows from blunt objects. Visit an emergency room if the bruising or swelling is severe or tissue damage is extensive. If your child gets a minor contusion, follow the RICE treatment mentioned above.
Abrasions occur when the skin is rubbed off, usually as it grazes with a rough surface. Visit an emergency center if the injury is severe. For minor abrasions, rinse with cold water and apply an antiseptic cream.
Concussions occur when the head receives a direct blow and the brain is jolted. Every 3 minutes, a child is treated in an emergency center for a concussion from playing sports. Most occur in children between the ages of 12 and 15 years. If your child receives a head injury, he or she may have a concussion if any of these symptoms are present:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Slurred speech
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Balance problems
- Behavior change
- Ringing in the ears
- Difficulty concentrating
- Memory Loss