Ever since the Zika virus struck South and Central America, it’s impacted thousands of lives. Zika can cause no symptoms or merely a mild fever, joint pain, rash, and reddening of the eyes. It is passed through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito, sex with an infected man, or an infected blood transfusion. Often, it does not hurt the infected person. However, if a pregnant woman contracts Zika, her baby might suffer birth defects. With cases of Zika appearing in the United States, it’s important to take action against this serious virus. Learn how with advice from Baylor St. Luke’s Medical Group Sugar Land.
A fetus whose mom has Zika often develops microcephaly. Microcephaly literally means “small head,” and involves an abnormally small brain and head. According to the CDC, microcephaly is linked to:
- Developmental delay, including learning to speak and walk
- Intellectual disability
- Problems with movement and balance
- Feeding problems, such as difficulty swallowing
- Hearing loss
- Vision problems