HSG stands for hysterosalpingogram, which is an imaging procedure used to assess a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes. A radiologist will place a small catheter into the cervix and inject a contrast agent. Once the contrast fills the uterine cavity, the radiologist will take a series of X-Rays using fluoroscopy. An HSG is usually performed one week after menstruation but before ovulation to make sure you are not pregnant during the procedure.
An HSG is primarily performed on women who are having difficulty becoming pregnant. An HSG allows the radiologist to evaluate the shape and structure of the uterus, the openness of the fallopian tubes, and any scarring within the peritoneal cavity.
Your physician will give you detailed instructions on how to prepare for your HSG. Please inform your physician of any medications you are taking as well as any allergies you may have. Also inform your physician regarding a recent illness or other medical conditions.
Women should inform the radiologist or technologist if there is a possibility they may be pregnant.
Radiation Dose: Special care is taken during X-Ray examinations to use of the lowest radiation dose possible while producing the best images for evaluation.