Gastrointestinal cancer, or GI cancer, concerns cancers that affect the digestive system. This can include cancers of the esophagus, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, colon, rectum, and anus.
Gastrointestinal cancer risk factors and symptoms
Because there are several types of GI cancers, risk factors and symptoms may vary. Some of the symptoms people with GI cancer experience include:
- Poor appetite
- Abdominal swelling
- Difficulty swallowing or feeling of food getting "stuck"
- Diarrhea, constipation, or a change in bowel habits for more than a few days
- Unusual stool (thin or slimy)
- Feeling like your bowel won’t completely empty
- Blood in stool
- Black colored stools
- Persistent belly pain
- Unexplained weight loss
Gastrointestinal cancer screening and diagnosis
Your doctor may detect the presence of a GI cancer by ordering:
Gastrointestinal cancer treatment & surgery
Treatment of gastrointestinal cancer is based on where the cancer is located, its size, and the stage of its development. With consideration of these factors and your overall health, your doctor may suggest:
- Radiation therapy
The timing and sequence of these treatments will be customized to your specific situation.