Heart murmurs are sounds in the heart caused by turbulent bloodflow. The sounds are often described as a whooshing or swishing noise, and can be heard when a doctor is checking your heart with a stethoscope. Although some heart murmurs are innocent, others could be a sign of heart disease. Health care providers can check the heart and create a treatment plan once they determine the cause of the murmur.
Innocent murmurs can be caused by a number of common factors.
More serious heart murmurs are often due to congenital conditions or acquired through heart damage or disease that occurs in adulthood.
Murmurs in children often go away over time, but there is no specific form of prevention for congenital or acquired heart murmurs. Living a healthy lifestyle helps prevent conditions that can lead to heart murmurs in yourself and your children.
Innocent heart murmurs do not require treatment. However, a worrisome heart murmur needs close monitoring by a cardiologist. Medication or surgery may be needed.
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