Heart murmurs are sounds in the heart caused by turbulent bloodflow. The sounds are often described as a whooshing or swishing noise, and can be heard when a doctor is checking your heart with a stethoscope. Although some heart murmurs are innocent, others could be a sign of heart disease. Health care providers can check the heart and create a treatment plan once they determine the cause of the murmur.
More serious heart murmurs are often due to congenital conditions or acquired through heart damage or disease that occurs in adulthood.
Endocarditis (infection of the heart’s inner lining and valves)
Holes found in the heart
Are there different types of heart murmurs?
Diastolic murmurs occur when the heart is filling with blood.
Systolic murmurs happen when the heart is emptying.
A continuous murmur is present throughout the entire heartbeat.
What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs)
How do I prevent heart murmur?
Murmurs in children often go away over time, but there is no specific form of prevention for congenital or acquired heart murmurs. Living a healthy lifestyle helps prevent conditions that can lead to heart murmurs in yourself and your children.
How do you treat a heart murmur?
Innocent heart murmurs do not require treatment. However, a worrisome heart murmur needs close monitoring by a cardiologist. Medication or surgery may be needed.
Medications used to treat heart murmurs:
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Heart valve repairs are used to treat heart murmurs and can be done as: