Your heart valves open and close with each heartbeat, allowing blood to flow through your heart to the rest of your body. There are four valves in your heart—tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral, and aortic—ensuring blood flows in a forward direction and doesn’t back up or cause leaks.
Heart valve disorders can affect any of the four valves. Some people may not show symptoms, while others can experience more severe cardiovascular conditions, like stroke or heart attack, if left untreated.
These symptoms vary depending on the severity of the disorder.
If you’re experiencing symptoms of a heart valve disorder, a physician will begin by listening to your heart with a stethoscope, listening for any abnormalities. Other tests that can help diagnose a heart valve disorder include:
With regular monitoring, a cardiologist might recommend:
Depending on the progression of the disease, you might need heart valve replacement surgery to repair or replace the damaged valve.
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