Interventional cancer treatment includes the introduction of needles or catheters into the body through tiny incisions. They are then guided by an imaging technique called fluoroscopy to the cancer tumor, allowing the radiologist to deliver cancer treatment directly to the tumor. This type of therapy deposits chemotherapy drugs directly to the tumor, sparing healthy tissue, thus allowing physicians to use higher doses.
Physicians usually insert a catheter at a point in the groin to access the femoral artery, they may sometimes use an arm artery. While monitoring the location of the catheter using fluoroscopy, the catheter is steered through the arterial system to the tumor.
The following types of cancers therapy are administered using interventional techniques:
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