Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma, is a type of cancer that begins in the kidneys. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the lower back that filter waste from the blood and produce urine. While kidney cancer is relatively rare, it is important to be aware of potential risk factors and symptoms. Speak with your primary care provider if you have any questions or concerns.
What causes kidney cancer?
While the exact cause of kidney cancer is unknown, several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing the disease. These risk factors include:
Some steps you can take to lower your risk of developing kidney cancer include drinking plenty of water and cutting back on salt.
Kidney cancer symptoms
In its early stages, kidney cancer often does not cause any symptoms. As the cancer grows, however, it can produce a range of symptoms, including:
Diagnosing kidney cancer
While there is no routine screening test for kidney cancer, some people who are at high risk of developing the disease may benefit from regular monitoring. Screening options may include:
Kidney cancer treatment
The most common treatment for kidney cancer is surgery to remove the affected kidney or part of the kidney. In some cases, other treatments may be used, including:
An oncologist may use a combination of treatments to care for kidney cancer.
The multidisciplinary team at St. Luke’s Health—consisting of oncologists, primary care providers, radiologists, and other specialists—works with patients to recommend a treatment plan customized to their specific situation. Talk to your primary care provider for more information.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus. It often develops slowly and may not show any symptoms in its early stages. However, if left untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body.
Several factors can increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. Some of the most common ones are:
In the early stages, cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms. However, as the cancer grows and spreads, the following symptoms may occur:
Regular screening is crucial for detecting cervical cancer early, when it is most treatable. The following screening options are available:
Cervical cancer treatment
The treatment for cervical cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the woman's age and overall health, and whether she wants to have children in the future. Your oncologist may recommend one or more of the following treatment options:
If you or a loved one has concerns about cervical cancer, speak with an oncologist for more information. Our team of oncologists at St. Luke’s Health is trained to diagnose and treat cervical cancer and can provide you with personalized recommendations. Speak with your primary care provider about any questions or concerns you may have about cervical cancer, as early detection and treatment can greatly improve your chances of recovery.
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Home of the Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center, one of only three NCI-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers in Texas, U.S. News & World Report has recognized Baylor St. Luke's Medical Center as one of the best hospitals for several specialties, including Compassionate patient-centered cancer care.