Testicular cancer develops in the testicles, which are the male reproductive organs responsible for producing sperm and the hormone testosterone. It is a relatively rare form of cancer, accounting for only 1% of all male cancers, but it is the most common cancer in men aged 15-35.
What causes testicular cancer?
While the exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, several factors can increase a man's risk of developing testicular cancer, including:
Testicular cancer symptoms
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a painless lump or swelling in the testicle. However, this symptom can also indicate conditions like kidney stones, infections, vein issues, injury, and other noncancerous issues. Other symptoms associated with testicular cancer include:
Testicular cancer screenings and diagnosis
While there is no routine screening test for testicular cancer, men can perform regular self-examinations to check for any changes in their testicles. The following are the main screening options for testicular cancer:
Testicular cancer treatment and surgery
If diagnosed with testicular cancer, your treatment options will depend on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as other individual factors. An oncologist may use one or more of these options to treat testicular cancer.
The multidisciplinary team at St. Luke’s Health—consisting of oncologists, primary care providers, radiologists, and other specialists—works with patients to recommend a treatment plan customized to their specific situation. Talk to your primary care provider for more information.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus. It often develops slowly and may not show any symptoms in its early stages. However, if left untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body.
Several factors can increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. Some of the most common ones are:
In the early stages, cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms. However, as the cancer grows and spreads, the following symptoms may occur:
Regular screening is crucial for detecting cervical cancer early, when it is most treatable. The following screening options are available:
Cervical cancer treatment
The treatment for cervical cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the woman's age and overall health, and whether she wants to have children in the future. Your oncologist may recommend one or more of the following treatment options:
If you or a loved one has concerns about cervical cancer, speak with an oncologist for more information. Our team of oncologists at St. Luke’s Health is trained to diagnose and treat cervical cancer and can provide you with personalized recommendations. Speak with your primary care provider about any questions or concerns you may have about cervical cancer, as early detection and treatment can greatly improve your chances of recovery.
Looking for a doctor? Perform a quick search by name or browse by specialty.
Home of the Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center, one of only three NCI-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers in Texas, U.S. News & World Report has recognized Baylor St. Luke's Medical Center as one of the best hospitals for several specialties, including Compassionate patient-centered cancer care.