Epilepsy & Seizure Disorders
Each year in the United States, approximately 150,000 people seek medical attention after experiencing their first seizure. Forty to 50 percent of first-time episodes will develop into recurrent seizures; many of those patients will be diagnosed with epilepsy.
A third of these patients will have intractable epilepsy, meaning they experience uncontrolled seizures even with appropriate medications. The Centers for Disease Control, American Academy of Neurology, and the American Epilepsy Society recommend patients with intractable epilepsy seek treatment at a comprehensive epilepsy center.
The NAEC-designated Level IV Baylor Comprehensive Epilepsy Center at Baylor St. Luke’s Medical Center is an integral part of neurophysiology services within the Neuroscience Institute and offers innovative and comprehensive care to patients with epilepsy
The team begins with sophisticated outpatient or inpatient diagnostic procedures, including continuous video-EEG monitoring in our epilepsy monitoring unit, to detect seizures in real time. A multidisciplinary team assesses results to determine the origin of the seizure activity as well as appropriate therapy. Many medications are approved for managing seizures; however, if seizures continue, additional treatment options may be considered. In extreme cases of epilepsy not controlled with medication, surgery may be helpful.
NeuroPace® RNS® System
The NeuroPace® RNS® System is a responsive neurostimulation device used to treat partial onset seizures through the detection of abnormal brain activity. Implanted into the brain, the device detects indicators of a seizure and emits small electrical stimulations to normalize brain activity and prevent the seizure from occurring. Having participated in the NeuroPace clinical trial that advanced the standard of care for patients with epilepsy and partial onset seizures, Baylor St. Luke’s Medical Center is also the most experienced hospital system in the Houston area with this technology. When other treatments aren’t an option, NeuroPace offers another source of hope.
Additional Epilepsy Treatments We Offer
- Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
- Awake Craniotomy
- Extratemporal Resections
- Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) Therapy
- Multilobar Resections
- Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy (LITT)
- Stereotactic Radiosurgery (Cyberknife and Gamma Knife)